The dynamics of leech infestation in livestock and control p | 94464
An International Journal

Agricultural and Biological Research

ISSN - 0970-1907
RNI # 24/103/2012-R1


The dynamics of leech infestation in livestock and control practices in the North Gondar Zone, Northwest Ethiopia

Helena Moreira*, Henry T Akinbi, Ginette Ross

In developing countries such as Ethiopia, leech infestation is a neglected
parasitic disease of livestock. Although such studies are important, little
attention has been paid to the occurrence, impact and risk factors of leech
infestation in livestock in Ethiopia. The objective of the current study was
to assess farmers' knowledge of leech infestation and control practices, and
to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of leech infestation in domestic
animals in northwestern Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted in
three districts of North Gondar Zone from February 2021 to August 2021.
Livestock (n=2040) and 300 respondents for questionnaire survey were
randomly selected. According to the results of the questionnaire survey,98.67% of the respondents were aware of leech infestation, the effects of
leeches and the locally available control methods. Cattle had the highest
prevalence (10.08%), followed by horses (3.67%), goats (2.48%), and sheep
(2.02%). Using a chi-square test, a significant association was found between
the prevalence of leech infestation and risk factors such as animal species,
sex, age, body condition, and season (p<0.05). Observation of the water
bodies revealed that leeches become more active when the water becomes
slightly warmer due to sunlight, and they become especially active when the
animals want to drink from the water. The current results indicate that leech
infestation is the biggest problem for livestock in the study areas, so costeffective
and environmentally friendly control methods must be used.

Journal Hilights
  • Abstracting and indexing in renowned databases
  • Expert editorial team
  • High quality articles
  • High visibility
  • International readership
  • Language editing
  • Membership
  • Online manuscript submission and tracking system
  • Rapid peer review process
  • Reprints of published articles
Journal is Indexed in:
  • BIOSIS Previews and Zoological Record which are part of the life sciences in Web of Science (WOS)
  • Euro Pub
  • Google Scholar
  • MIAR
  • Publons
Journal Flyer
Google Scholar Citation Report
Citation image
Peer Review Process Check
Publon image