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Organoleptic and nutritional assessment of product developed | 106549
An International Journal

Agricultural and Biological Research

ISSN - 0970-1907
RNI # 24/103/2012-R1

Abstract

Organoleptic and nutritional assessment of product developed from foxtail millet and jackfruit seed and its effect on blood glucose response among late adulthood population

Muskan Bansal and Mahak Sharma*

Diabetes is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity and it is also among the most chronic diseases of the 21st century. Diabetes is ranked in 7th position by WHO, for the total death caused by non-contagious disease. Nutrition intervention plays a critical role in the prevention and treatment of diabetes. Therefore, the study was conducted to develop products from foxtail millet and jackfruit seeds and assess their effect on blood glucose. Foxtail millet has a low glycaemic index and is rich in dietary fibre. Jackfruit seeds are a good source of resistance starch, vitamins and minerals. The processing of Jackfruit seeds was done by drying seeds at 80°C for 4 hrs and converted into flour. The product was formulated in two different concentrations of foxtail millet and jackfruit seeds i.e., 50 g and 60 g foxtail millet and 10 g and 20 g jackfruit seed flour (T1 and T2 respectively) and one controlled sample (wheat flour-100 g). The acceptability of the products was checked by using 9-point hedonic rating scale and proximate analysis of the most acceptable product was done. The Glycaemic Index and glycaemic load of the product were done by intervening with the product on 10 subjects without diabetes and assessing blood glucose levels at 0, 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes by using the OGTT method. The data revealed that the product formulated with 50% foxtail millet and 10% jackfruit seed flour was highly acceptable. The proximate analysis result showed that 100 g of thepla contain energy (270.36 kcal), protein (5.21 g), fat (2.24 g), carbohydrate (57.34 g), moisture (31.72 g), ash (3.49 g), fibre (8.3 g) and resistance starch (11.46 mg). The glycemic load of the product was 43.77 which falls in the category of low glycemic index food. The study concluded that this product can be used for diabetic patients, due to its low Glycemic index and load.

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