Genus Barilius, an interesting group of Cyprinid fish, is mostly a resident of the hill streams. The present work is an attempt to document a systematic account of morphomeristic character of a species namely Barilius bendelisis under the genus Barilius from the Torsa River flowing in the northern part of West Bengal, India along with proper illustrations and to reevaluation the general taxonomy of the Indian bariliine cyprinids in the beam of accessible information. The mean value, the physico-chemical parameters (water temperature-26oC, pH-7.4, dissolved oxygen-6.8 g/l, etc.) of the habitat was suitable to survive the species. Findings of the result suggests to go for further study to find the huge possibility that the studied species may show cryptic diversity of already reported Barilius bendelisis of this region.